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ACWA A. Goldstein 40 Anniversary Paramount May 29, 51 [Total negs: 20]. ACWA Eagle [? Witty Bros. Burnett store; striking employees of H. Burnett pose with signs that say how long they've been employed there; a discussion or disagreement between a man union organi [Total negs: 7] General note Microfilm. Rosenblum Atlantic City, NJ [neg? May [Total negs: 3].
ACWA Distr. Meany [Total negs: 20] General note Microfilm. ACWA E. Bldg Workers [Building Service Employees? Walfish Clo[thes] Petition; Wings Shirt. ACWA Finish [? ACWA Villetta [sp? ACWA Mr. ACWA Mrs. Johnson Etc Local 39 Chicago ? ACWA Dr. J [Total negs: ]. J [Total negs: 2]. Miami Beach, FLA. May 27, [Total negs: 14]. The followers of John Wesley born , died and his brother, Charles Wesley born , died , were styled Methodists , owing to the methodical strictness of their lives and religious exercises.
They were also denominated Wesleyans , or Wesleyan Methodists , in contradistinction to the Primitive Methodists , or Ranters , who separated from the original sect under Hugh Bourne, in , and retained the style of open-air preaching peculiar to John Wesley in his early itinerant days.
Dancing with Fire (Book Four of the Hal Westwood series, set in the summer of 4) - Kindle edition by Jemima Norton. Download it once and read it on your . Summer ~ Book 4 of the Hal Westwood Restoration Mysteries brings local politics to the forefront. A visit to the nearby town brings Hal Westwood not only.
Nowadays, as then, that section is styled High Church which regards the Church of England as the only ark of salvation, while the less apprehensive and more moderate section is called Low Church. Those who take a still more liberal and comprehensive view of orthodox doctrine belong to what is known as the Broad Church , which is but another name for Latitudinarianism , as originally professed by a number of divines opposed alike to the Puritans and the High Church party in the time of Charles I.
On the other hand, the Ritualists comprise the extreme High Church party who are anxious to return to the ritual of public worship in vogue during the reign of Edward VI. Prior to , in which year the term arose, these High Churchmen bore the name of Puseyites , because they agreed with the views set forth by Dr. Those scholars who assisted Dr. Pusey in the composition of these Oxford Tracts , as they were called, as well as the public at large who believed in their teaching, were styled Tractarians ; while the great Roman Catholic revival that took place in the Church of England at this period universally bore, and still bears, the name of the Oxford Movement.
Hotel is a French term, derived from hostil , a lordly house, a palace.
The designation Public House , signifying a house of public resort for refreshment and conviviality, is a modern substitute for Tavern , derived from the Latin taberna , a hut, a wooden booth; frequently also for Inn , or rather, as originally written, Inne , which expressed the Anglo-Saxon for a mansion. Nevertheless, this sign had nothing in common with that of The Green Man and Still , expressive of a herbalist bringing his herbs to a distillery, and which was doubtless the sign of a herbalist turned innkeeper.
As the family arms always occupied a prominent position on the front of the mansion these soon became known far and wide, though scarcely in accordance with their full heraldic significance. Moreover, as a variation of the same device entered into the arms of different families, it happened that the most conspicuous object in them became popular in different parts of the country at the same time.
If it chanced, however, that that sign had already been appropriated by another innkeeper in the immediate vicinity, the full cognizance of the ground landlord was adopted. Another oft-to-be-met-with sign is The Chequers , which comprised the arms of the Earls of Fitzwarren who, in the time of the Plantagenets, held the right of granting the vintners their licences. Later in our history the same cognizance was adopted by the Stuarts.
It may be assumed that these two signs were naturally more popular throughout the country at large during the Wars of the Roses than at any subsequent period. During that turbulent period of English history, too, the devices of the several adherents of the rival houses were not unfrequently chosen in commemoration of a particular event; as, for example, after the Battle of Barnet, when The Star , the badge of the Earl of Oxford who decided the fate of that day, sprang up as an inn-sign in all directions, except, of course, upon Yorkist ground.
Where the innkeeper was not bound by any ties of gratitude or regard to the ground landlord he evinced his loyalty to the reigning monarch by adopting a portion of the royal arms. A very general expression of loyalty, again, was conveyed in the sign of The Crown , which, by the way, was shrewdly complimentary to the reigning house without offering offence to the partisans of a rival claimant to the throne.
At times he even went so far as to enter into the religious enthusiasm of the latter by  exhibiting a preference for The Angel or The Salutation , both referring to the Annunciation of the Virgin; The Three Kings , meaning the Magi who presented themselves to the Infant at Bethlehem; or The Cross Keys , the symbol of St.
Peter, and the badge of the Archbishop of York. The sign of The Mitre was generally adopted by an innkeeper whose establishment stood in the vicinity of a cathedral; consequently, this particular sign abounds in cities, but is rarely to be met with in the rural districts.
The modern sign of The Half-Moon originated in the crescent, the ensign of the Infidel. The signs of The Swan , The Pheasant , and The Peacock arose in the days of knight-errantry, when every knight selected one of these birds as an emblem of chivalry, and exerted a pride in the association. George , The St. Hence the corruption of many signs from their original meaning. Perhaps the most glaring instance of this kind originated in the sign of The Garter , or the insignia of the Order of the Garter represented in its proper position on a leg whence we have the intelligible sign of The Star and Garter ; yet the vulgar mind quite failed to grasp the idea, with a result that a house exhibiting this sign was invariably referred to as The Leg and Star.
Surely there could be no more fitting sign for a tavern than that which suggested the drinking of healths!
The original character of many of our country inns is at once indicated by their signs. Thus, The Coach and Horses was clearly, before the  introduction of railways, a coaching establishment; while The Pack Horse announced the fact that pack-horses were let out on hire. Again, The Bear —subject to sundry modifications, such as The Brown Bear , The Black Bear , The Grizzly Bear —informed the frequenters of such resorts that bear-baiting might be witnessed on the premises; exactly as, nearer to our own day, The Dog and Duck called attention to the popular diversion of duck-hunting by spaniels in a pond.
The Skittles and The Bowling Green indicated a more rational kind of sport. Once more, The Grapes conveyed the intelligence that a vinery existed in connection with the establishment; whereas The Castle , which constitutes the arms of Spain, The Globe , the arms of the King of Portugal, and The Spread Eagle , the arms of Germany, told that the wines of those respective countries were to be had there. In the north of England the sign of The Yorkshire Stingo is very common, the allusion being to an old beer of particular strength and sharpness for which the county of York has won considerable celebrity.
The significance of The Tankard , The Bottle , and similar signs, need not detain us. We may, however, state that The Black Jack refers to a leathern pitcher for holding beer, which took its name from the defensive breastplate of strong leather formerly worn by horsemen, and known as a Jacque , whence the term Jacket has been derived.
The indolence of the court avoids military expeditions, and anarchy and a lack of security on the routes are the consequences His father had died whilst he was away, and his uncle Cataw, or Cado, had assumed the rule, but he was succeeded by the turbulent Constantine. Circa Includes some Americans. First UK tour for 3 years. Archived from the original on October 19, The prevailing language in Bornu is the Kanuri.
In the early part of the present century, too, the names of political leaders were largely drawn upon as an attraction for tavern signs, as were those also of distinguished naval and military commanders, and of the battles won by them. The Canning , The Palmerston , The Nelson , The Wellington , The Marquis of Granby , The Portobello Arms , The Trafalgar , The Waterloo , and a host of others of the like character, are everywhere to be encountered; while the old sign of The Ship carries us back to the days of Elizabeth, when the circumnavigation of the globe by Sir  Francis Drake was regarded as an exploit that could scarcely be too highly honoured.
Perhaps in the future, when the Prince of Wales shall occupy the British Throne, his descendants may also in their turn form the subject of many a tavern sign in our midst. Alfred the Great reigned to fully merited his surname because he expelled the Danes, established a navy, founded schools, and effected the restoration of law and order during one of the most critical periods of early British history.
The distinction between a Confessor and a Martyr in the early days of Christianity was simply this: both made an open confession of their faith, and expressed their readiness to die for it; the former, however, was  never called upon to do so, whereas the latter actually suffered martyrdom. William I. William II.
Henry I. Richard I. This extraordinary exploit surpasses the bounds of reason; still there is no doubt that he performed prodigies of valour during the Wars of the Crusades. Another British monarch who rejoiced in a surname of the leonine order was William the Lion , King of the Scots to , so called because he chose a red lion rampant for his crest. It is from this king that the lions distinguished in the Royal Arms of Scotland trace their origin.
King John reigned to received the surname of Lackland on account of his improvidence, which at the time of the death of his father Henry II. Edward I. The eldest son of Edward III. John of Gaunt , Duke of Lancaster born , died , took his title from the town of Ghent, in Flanders, where he was born. In like manner his son, Henry IV.
Henry VIII. Mary, Queen of Scots born , died , was known as The White Queen because she adopted white mourning for her husband, Lord Darnley. Our own Queen Mary to has been handed down to posterity under the opprobrious title of Bloody Mary , in consequence of the wholesale burnings of the Protestants under her reign. The religious persecutions of her time admit of no denial, yet they were fully equalled by those brought to light during the reign of her successor, Elizabeth, while they fell  infinitely short of those characterized by the reign of Henry VIII.
In one sense Elizabeth to was appropriately styled Good Queen Bess , inasmuch as she exercised due regard to the interests of the realm and the welfare of her people. Oliver Cromwell was called The Lord Protector born , died because he protected the interests of the Commonwealth. The reason why Charles II. Much nearer to our own day, William IV.
The family name of Plantagenet , derived from the Latin planta , a plant, and genista , broom, was originally assumed by Fulke Martel, Earl of Anjou, the great grandfather of Henry II. As this Walter was the sixth member of his family that had held the post of Lord High Steward, he was popularly said to belong to the Stewards , until in course of time this word became corrupted into Stuarts , and was adopted as a family name.
Charles I. Pedro the Cruel , King of Castille and Leon in , merited his surname owing to his cruel treatment of his two brothers, whom he murdered, and his queen, whom he poisoned. Ivan II. Frederick I.